Forages in open grass dominated habitat, sparse shrublands, and small open woodlands. Has adapted to agricultural areas with crops that do not exceed the height of native vegetation. Nests in scattered trees within foraging areas. In B.C., nests sites are typically in uplands areas of foothills and valleys (Campbell et al. 1990) and in the Yukon sightings have been near riverside cliffs where there is close access to open tundra (Alexander et al. 2003).
Alexander, S. A., F. I. Doyle, C. D. Ecker, H. Grünberg, N. L. Hughes, M. Jensen, I. Johnson, D. H. Mossop, W. A. Nixon, and P. H. Sinclair. 2003. Birds of the Yukon Territory (P. H. Sinclair, W. A. Nixon, C. D. Eckert, and N. L. Hughes, eds.). UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.
Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, and M. C. E. McNall. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia. Vol. 1 and 2, Nonpasserines. UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.