In Alaska, inhabit wet rain forests of the coast. In summer, can be found in high alpine meadows and subalpine shrub thickets. In fall and winter, move down to lower elevations old-growth and beaches to forage. Critical winter habitat characteristics in the north include adequate stands of uneven-aged old-growth forests more than two hundred years old (Schoen and Kirchoff 2007, Suring et al. 1992, Wallmo 1981).
Schoen, J. W., and M. Kirchoff. 2007. Sitka black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus sitkensis). In The coastal forests and mountains ecoregion of southeastern Alaska and the Tongass National Forest: A conservation assessment and resource synthesis (J. W. Schoen and E. Dovichin, eds.). Audubon Alaska and The Nature Conservancy, Anchorage, Alaska.
Suring, L. H., D. C. Crocker-Bedford, R. W. Flynn, C. L. Hale, G. C. Iverson, M. D. Kirchoff, T. E. Schenck II, L. C. Sea, and K. Titus. 1992. A strategy for maintaining well-distributed, viable populations of wildlife associated with old growth forest in Southeast Alaska. Report of an Interagency Committee, Juneau.
Wallmo, O.C. 1981. The mule and black-tailed deer of North America. 605 pp.