Mature coniferous forests where spruce, Douglas-fir, hemlock, and/or pine produce large cone crops (Adkisson 1996). Also, mixed-coniferous forests. In Alaska, mainly associated with spruce species (Adkisson 1996). In B.C., this species may occur throughout the year at all elevations up to timberline, but is more often found at middle and lower elevations (Campbell et al. 2001).
Adkisson, C. S. 1996. Red Crossbill (Loxia curvirosta). In The Birds of North America, Vol. 7, No. 256 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists’ Union.
Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, A. C. Stewart, and M. C. E. McNall. 2001. The Birds of British Columbia. Volume 4. Passerines: wood-warblers through Old World sparrows. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver. 739 pages.