May be widespread in a variety of herbaceous meadow and shrub habitats, but typically more abundant in a lowland thick mosaic of vegetation along ponds, streams, and marshes. May require standing water nearby. In winter, hibernate underground in well-drained soils (MacDonald and Cook 2007). Avoids heavily wooded areas (NatureServe 2007b).
MacDonald, S.O. and J.A. Cook. 2007. Mammals and amphibians of Southeast Alaska. The Museum of Southwestern Biology, Special publication 8:1-191. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM.
NatureServe. 2007b. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 6.2. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.