In B.C., breeds from sea level to 1,525 m in grassy, brushy, or lightly wooded upland habitat near freshwater marshes (in the interior) and in sloughs and ponds associated with estuaries in coastal areas (Campbell et al. 1990). Nests in areas with dense emergent vegetation on islands and lake edges (NatureServe 2007b), and in the Yukon, nests among shrubs , grasses, and other low vegetation in wooded and open areas (Alexander et al. 2003).
Alexander, S. A., F. I. Doyle, C. D. Ecker, H. Grünberg, N. L. Hughes, M. Jensen, I. Johnson, D. H. Mossop, W. A. Nixon, and P. H. Sinclair. 2003. Birds of the Yukon Territory (P. H. Sinclair, W. A. Nixon, C. D. Eckert, and N. L. Hughes, eds.). UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.
Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, and M. C. E. McNall. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia. Vol. 1 and 2, Nonpasserines. UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.
NatureServe. 2007b. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 6.2. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.