Breeds in deciduous forests, bottomlands, mixed forests, riparian thickets, forest burns, and logged areas. Inhabits rural and urban parks. Nonbreeding individuals will also utilize coniferous forest edges. In B.C., this species is found from sea level to 1,250 m (Campbell et al. 1990).
Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, and M. C. E. McNall. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia. Vol. 1 and 2, Nonpasserines. UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.