In B.C., breeds from sea level to 1,250 m in inland and coastal marshes, islands in lakes, ponds, sloughs, rivers, tundra, muskeg, and man-made environments with water nearby. Most nests are with 60 m of water (Campbell et al. 1990). Broods are typically seen along gently sloping pond or river shorelines, with mudflats or mud barrens, and abundant short prostrate grasses, sedges, or semiaquatic plants (MacInnes 1962, O’Neil 1988, Babcock and Ely 1994, Conover 1998).
Babcock, C. A. and C. R. Ely. 1994. Classification of vegetation communities in which geese rear broods on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, Alaska. Can. J. Bot. 72: 1294-1301.
Campbell, R. W., N. K. Dawe, I. McTaggart-Cowan, J. M. Cooper, G. W. Kaiser, and M. C. E. McNall. 1990. The Birds of British Columbia. Vol. 1 and 2, Nonpasserines. UBC Press, Vancouver, B.C.
Conover, M. R. 1998. Reproductive biology of an urban population of Canada Geese. Pp. 67-70 In: Biology and management of Canada Geese (D. H. Rusch, M. D. Samuel, D. D. Humburg, and B. D. Sullivan, eds.). Proc. Int. Canada Goose Symp., Milwaukee, WI.
MacInnes, C. D. 1962. Nesting of small Canada Geese near Eskimo Point, Northwest Territories. J. Wildl. Manage. 26: 247-256.
O’Neil, T. A. 1988. Effects of removal and replacement of brood-rearing habitats on a Canada Goose flock. Murrelet 69: 41-45.