Open habitats with low or scattered trees. May occur in woodland edges (primarily deciduous), shrub thickets, prairies, pastures, orchards, and residential areas (Lowther 1993).
Lowther, P.E. 1993. Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater). In The Birds of North America, No. 47 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists’ Union.