Breeds in lowland areas along ocean coasts, rivers, streams, lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands (Cramp et al. 1988, Turner and Rose 1989, AOU 1998). Nests located along vertical banks, cliffs, bluffs, and now days in artificial sites such as quarries and road cuts. Forage habitat includes wetlands, open water, grasslands, riparian woodlands, agricultural areas, shrublands, and upland woodlands near nesting habitat (Garrison 1999).
AOU. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. Seventh edition. American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C. 829 pp.
Cramp, S. ed. 1988. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. 5. Oxford University Press, Oxford U.K.
Garrison, B.A. 1999. Bank Swallow (RIPARIA RIPARIA). In The Birds of North America, No. 414 (A. Poole
and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Turner, A., and C. Rose. 1989. Swallows and martins an identification guide. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston.