Meadows, fields and woodlands (Armstrong 2008). Open and partly open country: agricultural lands, suburban areas, orchards, tidal flats, primarily in humid situations, restricted mostly to riparian forest and adjacent areas in arid regions. Generally avoids dense coniferous forest and desert. Nests in open forest and woodland, and in other wooded situations (Nature Serve 2007b).
Armstrong, R. H. 2008. Guide to the birds of Alaska. 5th edition. Alaska Northwest Books, Anchorage, AK. 360 pp.
NatureServe. 2007b. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. Version 6.2. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. Available http://www.natureserve.org/explorer.